The State Air Traffic Control Administration stepped up the introduction of new management standards to ensure the safety and punctuality of flights in peak season.

  CCTV News:

  State air traffic control administration strengthens management standards to ensure safety

  Starting from yesterday (26th), the national civil aviation began to implement the flight plan for the summer and autumn seasons. Domestic and international airlines and airports have adjusted the flight route network. The State Air Traffic Control Administration under the Civil Aviation Administration of China is stepping up the introduction of stricter new safety management standards to ensure the safety and punctuality of air transportation during the peak season.

  This set of standards to be issued soon puts the four main businesses of air traffic control, communication, meteorology and intelligence on the same responsibility platform, and the responsibilities are interrelated. Once any industry has problems, relevant industries should also be held accountable.

  Jiang Yanjun, Minister of Safety Management Department of the State Air Traffic Control Administration:Like in the past, when you had a problem, these directly connected units did not pursue responsibility, so this management was not very strict.

  This set of standards has also made strict regulations on the management of flight-related equipment such as communication, navigation, radar and meteorology.

  Jiang Yanjun:This standard is very high. We used to have one master and two standby devices. It used to be said that our master stopped and I turned on the standby device. What should we do? Now we require that there should be no such time difference, that is, your equipment can be broken, but the person I command can’t stop.

  In the identification of accountability, this standard refers to the international unified safety management system, and divides violations into intentional and unintentional. If intentional, the punishment will be merciless. Instead of intentionally, it should also be divided into management factors and personal factors, and the punishment methods should be divided into four types. First of all, due to management factors, including inadequate interpretation and incomplete implementation of regulations, the management should be held accountable and punished; Secondly, individuals who repeatedly violate the rules in their own posts should be severely punished; Third, those who violate rigid rules and regulations, including regulations on security and safety, should be given heavier punishment.

  Jiang Yanjun:Another kind is violation without consequences. This kind of punishment aims at education, so that you will not violate the rules in the end.

  The "10.11 Incident" sounded the alarm of aviation safety.

  Last year, there were many safety incidents in domestic civil aviation, which sounded the alarm of safety in production one after another. Especially on October 11th last year, the runway incursion incident happened at Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, and the plane nearly collided because the tower controller of the air traffic control system violated the rules, which attracted people’s attention.

  On October 11th last year, an A320 aircraft of China Eastern Airlines Co., Ltd. found another A330 aircraft preparing to cross the runway during the flight take-off at Hongqiao Airport, and the two aircraft almost collided.

  On October 21st, the Civil Aviation Administration severely dealt with the leaders and responsible persons of the responsible units related to the "10.11" incident at Shanghai Hongqiao Airport. After investigation, this is a serious accident symptom caused by human factors caused by the tower controller forgetting the aircraft dynamics and violating the working standards. 13 leading cadres of East China Air Traffic Control Bureau, East China Air Traffic Control Bureau Control Center and East China Air Traffic Control Bureau Safety Management Department were given warnings within the party, serious warnings, administrative demerits and dismissal; Revoke the licenses of controllers in the command seat and monitoring seat on duty, and the controllers in the command seat on duty shall not engage in control and command work for life.

  Overload operation is common.

  In fact, for air traffic control, safety should be an eternal theme. In the final analysis, it is the core task of air traffic control to ensure the safety of aircraft take-off and landing and flight and avoid collision. However, in the face of the rapid development of the domestic aviation market and the growing civil aviation fleet, the pressure on air traffic control itself is increasing day by day.

  Jiang Yanjun, director of the safety management department of the State Air Traffic Control Administration, told reporters that it is almost a common phenomenon that air traffic control is overloaded from a national perspective.

  Jiang Yanjun:All places have moments of overwork. For example, if we overshot in a certain period of time, it is not a long-term overshot, but the places with more time for this overshot should account for more than 30%. Like Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong and Xiamen, they are all super.

  Jiang Yanjun believes that the direct negative effect brought by overload operation is the increase of security risks. First of all, this shows that the novice error rate in the post will increase.

  Jiang Yanjun:Like us this time, one returned last year, and 11 of the 22 cases were made by new comrades.

  Management deviation and novice error rate are high.

  Statistics show that since 2013, the error rate of novice air traffic control system posts has reached 70% continuously, and the error rate reached 50% last year. Jiang Yanjun believes that at present, in addition to the three major air traffic control hazards of human error, military and civil aviation collision and runway diving, the operation of new controllers has almost become the fourth major hazard. At the same time, some skilled controllers will make mistakes due to heavy workload and fatigue. Jiang Yanjun analyzed that the reasons for the overload operation are: first, compared with the overall development speed of domestic civil aviation, the development of air traffic control lags behind and the security is relatively tight; The second is the deviation in its own management. Take team training as an example. In recent years, with the emphasis on safety, the air traffic control system has rushed to the front line to pay attention to safety, and front-line employees have basically been on duty all day, so job training has naturally been ignored. For air traffic control, improving the quality of talents is precisely the foundation to ensure safety.

  Airport construction air traffic control lacks the right to speak


  Professionals pointed out that air traffic control is one of the three pillars supporting the development of civil aviation industry. However, from a practical point of view, in the current layout of the aviation industry in various places, air traffic control often becomes a neglected link because of its small proportion and low participation. In fact, ignoring air traffic control, in a sense, ignores aviation safety.

  Professionals believe that if civil aviation is compared to a human body, air traffic control is the nervous system of this body.

  Take Kunming as an example. In the past, there was only one airport in Wujiaba. In recent years, driven by the tourism industry, airports are being built around Kunming. At present, the total shipping volume in Yunnan is more than that in the whole Northeast. But in fact, in the case of limited airspace resources, the number of flights is constantly increasing, which is equivalent to forcing air traffic control to cook without rice.

  Jiang Yanjun:The amount in the air is too large, and it is too late for the controller to make any small negligence and issue a password to change it. It is a chance interval, which may cause a chance interval between planes, that is, the amount is up.

  Jiang Yanjun also believes that ignoring the participation of air traffic control is actually unfavorable to the scientific planning of the airport, shortening the interval and expanding the capacity. In the final analysis, it is still unfavorable to safety.

  Airport flow control to reduce risk factor

  In recent years, flight delay has attracted more and more social attention, and one of the reasons for flight delay is flow control. When encountering airport flow control, passengers often wait for hours on the plane. In this regard, the relevant person in charge of the National Air Traffic Control Administration explained that airport flow control is a measure that must be taken when the flight is saturated, because only in this way can safety be ensured.

  Jiang Yanjun:The most important thing of flow control is for safety. Flow control is not for your flight delay, but because I can’t hold it, so it’s not safe for you to come again. The plane is less than the interval, and the plane hits. What should I do?

  Jiang Yanjun said that air traffic control connects the take-off and landing of aircraft around the flight time. In the connection, the tower controller calculates the take-off and landing time of the aircraft and the interval between the aircraft in seconds. As soon as a plane takes off, a plane will land. The formation of such a smooth flight flow requires the cooperation of airports and airlines. Once this connection is interrupted for some reason, the direct result is that the flow control time is postponed, and consumers will increase the waiting time on the plane. In fact, controllers actually want flights to be normal more than anyone else, because their work is full every hour. Once the flight in the last hour is abnormal, they will move to the next hour. In this way, in the next hour, all aircraft take-off and landing, safety interval and other data will be recalculated, and the risk factor will increase when the load is exceeded.

  China’s civil aviation safety level ranks among the top in the world.

  Feng Zhenglin, vice minister of the Ministry of Transport and director of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, said recently that the civil aviation safety situation in China was generally stable last year, and there were no transport flight accidents and air defense safety accidents. China civil aviation has zero tolerance for safety accidents, and its safety level is in the forefront of the world.

  Feng Zhenglin said that up to now, China Civil Aviation has been flying safely for 76 months, with a total of 45.96 million hours of safe flight, which has ensured air defense safety for 14 consecutive years. In recent ten years, China civil aviation has transported one million flights, with a major accident rate of 0.036, which is only 1/12 of the world level in the same period. In management, China Civil Aviation adheres to four strictness, namely, the strictest responsibility, the strictest supervision, the severest punishment and the most serious accountability. At present, from the perspective of the world, the symptoms of civil aviation accidents in China are far lower than those in some developed countries. Last year, there were only 22 air traffic accidents in China, while in European countries, there were only 146 in Germany.