The government report outlines a new blueprint for being suitable for business and living.

  "Insist that the house is used for living, not for speculation, and promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market because of the city’s policy." "Further promote new urbanization. Give play to the comprehensive driving role of central cities and urban agglomerations, cultivate industries and increase employment. " "Improve the convenience facilities and make the city more livable" … … This year’s government work report outlines a new blueprint for a beautiful residence with a sense of gain.

  As one of the people’s livelihood issues that people are most concerned about, housing is powerful in every word, although it is only a few short words in this year’s government work report. It not only reveals the new vision of housing work in 2020, but also clarifies the new tasks and goals of housing work.

  In this regard, a number of deputies, experts and scholars said in an interview with People’s Daily Finance that the government work report continued to adhere to the main tone of "staying in the house and not speculating, because of the city’s policy", with the intention of returning the real estate industry to its real residential attributes. In the next step, local policies will be more flexible due to the city, starting from both ends of supply and demand to ensure the smooth operation of the real estate market.

  Firmly "live in a house without speculation" and flexibly practice "policy based on the city"

  Maintaining policy strength is the key to stabilizing expectations. "Insisting that the house is used for living, not for speculation, should be the highest action orientation for the development of the real estate industry at the national level. Although there are not many words in this year’s guidance description on real estate development, it is very clear, indicating that the country’s positioning and policies for the real estate industry are continuous and clear. " Mo Tianquan, member of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Fangtianxia, told People’s Daily Finance.

  In Mo Tianquan’s view, since 2019, China’s real estate market has basically been running smoothly, largely due to the implementation of the positioning of "housing and not speculating" and the combination of a series of real estate control policies.

  For the future real estate regulation and control policies, Qin Hong, director of the Urban Renewal Research Center of the National Development and Strategy Research Institute of Renmin University of China, believes that four things should be adhered to:

  First, the orientation of "housing without speculation" remains unchanged, and the key is to implement the demand for "housing" and prevent the rebound of "speculation"; Second, the supply system of "rental and purchase at the same time" remains unchanged. This year, pilot cities will be the mainstay, and various localities will develop the rental market through multiple channels and policies; Third, the regulation mechanism of "policy by city" remains unchanged, and local governments are still the main body of housing security system construction and stabilizing the real estate market; Fourth, the "three stable" control objectives remain unchanged to prevent market ups and downs.

  How to implement the positioning of "housing and not speculating"?

  Qin Hong suggested that we should control the pace of real estate development with the goal of stabilizing the market: First, we should strengthen the coordinated management of the supply and demand sides of real estate and truly implement the land supply rhythm of "linking people with land"; The second is to coordinate the development of the real estate market in the core cities and surrounding small and medium-sized cities, and establish a unified and complete real estate regulation system and objectives; The third is to attach importance to urban renewal, guide the transformation and development of the real estate industry, pay more attention to revitalizing the stock market, and promote the high-quality development of the city.

  Implementing the new urbanization construction of expanding domestic demand as a starting point

  This year’s government work report pointed out that the focus should be on supporting the "two new and one heavy" construction, which not only promotes consumption and benefits people’s lives, but also adjusts the structure to increase stamina. One of the "new" is new urbanization.

  "In terms of expanding effective investment, the government work report puts ‘ New urbanization ’ It was put in an important position to elaborate, and several new formulations appeared. Urbanization is an important aspect of future economic growth, especially in expanding domestic demand. Therefore, the road to new urbanization must be unswervingly pursued. " Li Guoping, president of Peking University Capital Development Research Institute, told People’s Daily Finance.

  "There is a close relationship between new urbanization and employment, and the number of new jobs each year is also an important achievement in promoting new urbanization." Li Guoping said that new urbanization has been on the road. According to his prediction, China’s urbanization level will increase by about one percentage point every year, and it is expected to reach 70% in 2030.

  How to promote new urbanization with high quality?

  Liu Yunzhong, a researcher at the the State Council Development Research Center, told People’s Daily Finance: First, through the reform of household registration and land, the income of the agricultural transfer population will be increased, and the living consumption and housing consumption of such groups will be improved; The second is to promote the flow of population, capital, information and other factors between urban and rural areas, improve the efficiency of resource allocation between urban and rural areas, and promote economic growth; The third is to improve human capital and accelerate the transformation of economic mode.

  What are the problems facing the new urbanization construction with people as the core?

  "Last year, China’s urbanization level exceeded 60% for the first time, and basic supporting facilities such as software and hardware should be kept up in time to meet the needs of urban residents and new citizens. At the same time, China’s urbanization is not only the hardware construction of infrastructure and real estate development, but also the industry-driven employment. " Li Guoping said,

  "The future urbanization must attach great importance to the integration of urban and rural development. Because it connects the city and the countryside, the county has become the most important carrier. " Liu Yunzhong said that on the one hand, it is necessary to promote the healthy development of the county economy and make the county town full of vitality; on the other hand, it is necessary to strengthen the public service facilities in the county town, including the construction of hardware and software facilities in medical and health care, education, social security and public security.

  Renovating old residential areas to fill the shortcomings of living environment

  Promoting the transformation of old urban communities is an important measure to improve residents’ living conditions and expand domestic demand, and it also reflects the urgency of stabilizing investment, expanding domestic demand and stabilizing people’s livelihood in an extraordinary period.

  Qin Hong said that after the epidemic, how to improve the living quality is the key direction that the government and enterprises need to consider. Therefore, the upgrading of residential products and the transformation of old residential areas will become the focus of the market and policies.

  When referring to "strengthening new urbanization", the government work report emphasizes that it is necessary to vigorously improve the public facilities and service capacity of the county to meet the increasing demand of farmers for employment and settlement in the county. Newly started to renovate 39,000 old urban communities, support the installation of elevators, and develop diverse community services such as dining and cleaning. "

  In fact, the goal of "39,000 old urban residential areas will be rebuilt this year" was clearly defined at the the State Council executive meeting held on April 14th. In addition, in the section "Promoting the reform and development of social undertakings around safeguarding and improving people’s livelihood", the report also proposes to strengthen and innovate social governance and improve community service functions.

  In this regard, Liu Yunzhong believes that the problem of insufficient carrying capacity faced by some big cities at present includes not only the transformation pressure faced by economic vitality and economic structure, but also the lack of service capacity in areas such as food, clothing, housing and transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to start rebuilding old urban communities and improve convenience facilities as soon as possible.

  Zhang Bo, dean of the branch of 58 Housing Research Institute, also said that from 2017 to 2019, real estate went from destocking to stabilizing the property market. This year, emphasis will be placed on deepening the construction of new towns, which will give full play to the comprehensive driving role of central cities and urban agglomerations, cultivate industries and increase employment. Compared with last year’s insistence on leading the development of urban agglomerations with central cities, more emphasis will be placed on the orderly development of cities as a whole in urban agglomerations, and the next step will be shifted to the transformation of old communities.